Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is an integrated Indian Degree in the medical field. This degree programme is conferred to those students who studied the modern medicines and traditional Ayurveda.
Ayurveda is one of the ancient medical systems of the world. It traces its roots to the Vedic period. It is not only providing the cure but also prevent the recurrence of diseases. According to the Ayurvedic, there are only three kinds of dysfunctions or disorders in human body Kapha, Pitta and Vata.
These dysfunctions are commonly called as the Dosha in Ayurvedic terminology. Kapha meant Phlegm (water and earth), Pitta meant Bile (fire & water) and Vata meant Wind (air and space). Ayurvedic says that a person got ill when he gets out of the harmony of said three doshas.
The Ayurvedic system of medical care is based on the concept where the natural healing capacity of the body is being enhanced by the Ayurvedic therapy. The Ayurvedic treatment includes the reducing symptoms, eliminating impurities, reducing worry, increasing resistance of disease and increasing harmony of patient’s life.
The Ayurvedic system is a trustful medical system in order to the cure, prevent and rejuvenate. Yes, it takes more time to make the patient fit as before, but once the patient has been treated through this medical system, he will find him better than before he was.
“BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) is an undergraduate degree programme in old and ancient Ayurvedic medical system containing the prevention and cure to the body by increasing the harmony of kapha, pitta and vata”.
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery (BAMS) is a graduate degree course in Ayurvedic system. This degree is awarded after the completion of 5 years and 6 month degree programme containing the 4 and 1/2 year academic session and one year internship programme with live practical.
The UG degree course is separated in three sections of 1.5 years each. These sections called as the three professional courses. In first professional course the students are taught about the anatomy, physiology and history of Ayurvedic system. In second course they are taught about the toxicology and pharmacology and the final course contains the surgery, ENT, skin, obstetrics and gynaecology.
The entire course contains the modern anatomy, principles of medicines, physiology, social and preventive medicines, forensic medicine, principle of surgery, toxicology, ENT, botany and pharmacology. The graduates use the title “Vaidyar” before their name (abbreviation is Vr.)
The basic requirement for the eligibility to get the admission to BAMS programme is qualifying the 10+2 examination with science stream. The candidate must have the physics, chemistry and biology in 12th class. The candidate should have to go through the national level entrance examination like NEET 2023 (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test). Candidates also apply for state level examinations such as:
Day by day, the scope of Ayurvedic is overlapping to the other medical system not only in India but also in the world. In many cases the people have taken the experience for the trustfulness of the Ayurvedic system and medicines treating for the chronic and non-healable disease
In many cases, when the allopathic system becomes a failure with a particular disease and surrenders, the Ayurvedic medicine does the magical effect to rejuvenate the illness or the patient.
The career opportunity after the completion of BAMS is not only in India but also in foreign countries. Many organizations are working in the manufacturing and research field in abroad are requiring the professional in this field.
The candidate having the BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) degree is eligible to be called as a doctor and eligible to do the private practice.
Job opportunities also exists in government sector. One can get job in government ayurveda hospital as ayurvedic pharmacist. After the completion of this course, candidates also have opportunity to open their own retail shop of Ayurveda medicines.
Teaching field is also open for BAMS graduates. They can find employment in private and government ayurveda Institutes.
The job profiles after completing the BAMS programme are as the following:
The salary in the medical field is the benchmark for other job profiles in different field. Some universities provide the stipend around 40 thousand to 50 thousand per month to the post-graduate doctors in Ayurvedic field. In the job an Ayurvedic professional may get the salary from Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 50000 according the role and nature of his/her job profile.
Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm) is an undergraduate degree course in the field of Pharmacy education. The students those are interested in the medical field (except to become a doctor) can choose this course after the completion of class 12th (PCM/B). After the completion of this degree, the students can practice as a Pharmacist. Pharmacists can work in a range of industries related to the prescription, manufacture & provision of medicines. The duration of this course is 4 years.
The B.Pharm is one of the popular job oriented course among the science students after class 12th. In this course the students study about the drugs and medicines, Pharmaceutical Engineering, Medicinal Chemistry etc. This course provides a large no. of job opportunities in both the public and private sector.
There are various career options available for the science students after the completion of B.Pharm degree. The students can go for higher studies in the Pharmacy i.e. Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm). This field is one of the evergreen fields in the medical sector, with the increasing demand of Pharma professional every year.
B.Pharm programme covers the syllabus including biochemical science & health care. The Pharmacy Courses are approved by the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE) & Pharmacy Council of India (PCI).
The Pharmacy field offers you with lots of career opportunities. If you wish to make your future in the pharmacy sector than you can choose one of the several courses. These course may be diploma, degree or postgraduate degree course. The detailed list of the courses in the Pharmacy sector is given below:
The D.Pharm is a foundation course in the pharmacy field for the duration of 3 years. This course covers the basic information related to the Pharmacy field. It comprises of all the subjects which are related to the pharmacy field.
B.Pharm is an undergraduate degree course in the pharma field. The duration of this course is 4 years. After the completion of this course, an individual can practice as a Pharmacist or chemist.
Master of Pharmacy or M.Pharm is a postgraduate degree course in Pharmacy after the completion of this course, the student can either work in a company or go for higher studies.
Some of the top pharmacy colleges in India offer UG & PG courses are given here:
Students who want to join the B.Pharma programme have to fulfill the given eligibility criteria:
To get admission into the Pharmacy course, students have to complete their 10+2 education & apply for national level or state level Pharmacy entrance exam. The national level entrance exam is Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT 2023). You can also apply for the state level exams such as TS EAMCET 2023, AP EAMCET 2023 BCECE 2023, WBJEE 2023, etc as per the eligibility criteria of the exams.
There are various exams conducted by private and public universities for the admission to the various graduate and postgraduate Pharmacy courses. There are some of famous university level exams like BVP CET 2023, IPU CET 2023, MHT CET 2023, etc. Few Institutions offer direct admission into the Pharmacy programme without appearing in an entrance test on the basis of the 12th marks.
The pharmacy sector offers lots of opportunities to the students after the completion of the course. The students can work in a Pharmaceutical company or can practice as a Pharmacist. There is huge number of opportunities available for the students in both public and the private sector. You can also work in a government sector. Beside this, you can also work in an Abroad Company.
After completing a graduation degree, you can work at government hospitals, private medical shops & private hospitals/clinics. You can also start your own consultancies & medical shop.
The students can work in a Pharmaceutical company or can practice as a Pharmacist. In Pharmaceutical Company, you can work in departments such as quality control, manufacturing, packing marketing, production, etc.
You can also make your career in Pharmaceutical Management & marketing field as a Production Manager, Medical Representative, Area Manager, etc.
After the completion of the course the students can work as a:
In India, there are many employment opportunities available for aspirants who completed their Pharmacy education. The salary in this profession varies from company to company in which an individual is working. The starting salary for a fresher in this field can be Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 18,000 per month in India. After gaining an experience in this field, you can earn approx Rs. 9 to 12 Lakh per annum. In abroad the starting salary could be anywhere between $15000 to $25000 per annum.